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Liza Lovdahl Gormsen

Biography Dr Liza Lovdahl Gormsen joined BIICL on 1 September 2014 as a Senior Research Fellow and the director of the Competition Law Forum. Her role at BIICL is to lead the Competition Law Forum, host events for its members and get the Forum involved in national and international competition policy debates and be engaged in competition law research. Liza is a Non-Governmental Advisor to the International Competition Network, appointed by the UK Competition and Markets Authority. She is a…

AI and Data Worlds+3

Tomas Llanos

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Competition Law

Ioannis Kokkoris

Professor Ioannis Kokkoris is Senior Research Fellow and Co Director of the Competition Law Forum. Professor Kokkoris holds a Chair in Competition Law and Economics at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary University of London, UK. He is also the Dean for International for the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. Professor Kokkoris is an expert on competition law and economics. His main research interests span all areas of competition law and policy including comparative…

Brussels+2

Unintended consequences of the DMA –fragmentation across the EU

EVENTS Unintended consequences of the DMA - fragmentation across the EU Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Media Sponsor Event Details There are fast moving developments of tech regulation in both the EU and the UK. The former with its proposed DMA regulation and the latter with BEIS' recent consultation on…

AI and Data Worlds+1

Can regulation promote innovation and competition, while guarding against harms online?

EVENTS Can regulation promote innovation and competition, while guarding against harms online? Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Co-organisers    Event Details The event explores the synergies and tensions that might arise between promoting competition, innovation, and public policy objectives online.…

AI and Data Worlds+1

Competition policy 2021

PARTNER EVENT Competition policy conference 2021 Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Sponsors Understanding the role that competition policy plays in building back better The 2021 'Competition policy' conference at Chatham House assesses trends in anti-trust enforcement and market regulation in the context of…

Competition Law

3rd Annual BIICL/Linklaters Tech Antitrust Roundtable

EVENTS 3rd Annual BIICL/Linklaters Tech Antitrust Roundtable Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location    Event Details Regulators' interest in, and appetite to, regulate competition in the digital space show no sign of abating, with 2021 being a bumper year for both digital regulation and merger control.…

Competition Law

Law and Change: Social Media

EVENTS Law and Change: Social Media Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location    Event Details The British Institute for International and Comparative Law (BIICL) is collaborating with the Center for AI and Data Governance (CAIDG) of the Singapore Management University on a series of webinars on 'Law…

AI and Data Worlds+4

A New Pro-competition Regime in Digital Markets

EVENTS A New Pro-competition Regime in Digital Markets Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Event Details On 20 July 2021 the UK government launched a consultation setting out its vision for transforming the UK's competition regime to better tackle the challenges of the 21st century. This consultation is the…

Competition Law

Class action certification: The implications of the Supreme Court’s Merricks Judgment

EVENTS Class action certification: The implications of the Supreme Court's Merricks Judgment Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Co-organised with:  Event Details The panel will focus the recent developments in relation to class actions in the UK, discuss recent high profile litigations and take stock of…

Competition Law

A conversation with Sir Nicholas Green: Reflections on the changing competition law environment

EVENTS A conversation with Sir Nicholas Green: Reflections on the changing competition law environment Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Sir Nicholas is the first lawyer with extensive experience in the fields of competition and EU law to become Chair of the Law Commission. He is of course also a member of…

Competition Law

BIICL/Linklaters Antitrust Roundtable: Digital disruption in financial services

EVENTS BIICL/Linklaters Antitrust Roundtable: Digital disruption in financial services Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Sponsored By: Event Details Competition objectives have helped to shape regulatory intervention in financial services for a number of years, facilitating entry by a range of digital innovators,…

Competition Law

Sustainability Considerations in Competition Enforcement

WEBINAR Sustainability Considerations in Competition Enforcement Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location    Event Details The twin crises of climate change and Covid-19 have brought home the urgent need for greater collaboration between businesses to achieve desirable social and political objectives. If…

Competition Law

Is the definition of a Gatekeeper in the DMA the right one?

EVENTS Is the definition of a Gatekeeper in the DMA the right one? Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location    Event Details With the internet revolution and the growing impact of the digital economy, we have seen the decline of some gatekeepers and the rise of other gatekeepers. With the forthcoming DMA…

AI and Data Worlds+1

VBER Modernisation

WEBINAR VBER Modernisation Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Event Details Since the adoption of the current VBER and Vertical Guidelines, there have been a number of market developments, notably the growth of online sales and of new market players such as online platforms. The purpose of the current Commission's…

Competition Law

Industrial Policy and Competition Enforcement

EVENTS Industrial Policy and Competition Enforcement Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Co-organised With Event Details In March 2020, the Commission presented a new strategy to help Europe's industry lead. The strategy aims to drive Europe's competitiveness and its strategic autonomy at a time of moving geopolitical…

Competition Law

The Representative Actions Directive – a class action for Europe?

EVENTS The Representative Actions Directive - a class action for Europe? Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location    Event Details This webinar will examine the recently-adopted EU Representative Actions Directive and consider its impact on cross-border and domestic collective redress actions across Europe.…

Collective Redress+5

Competition Enforcement after Brexit: Agreements, Unilateral Conduct and State Aid

EVENTS Competition Enforcement after Brexit: Agreements, Unilateral Conduct and State Aid Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location      Event Details There are major transitional issues around Brexit, especially concerning cases that will be under investigation when the UK leaves the EU and situations…

Brexit+1

Views across the channel on digital regulation

As the slogan 'get Brexit done' became somehow a -forced- reality on January 1st, it is tempting and timely to comment on three themes, having chosen three out of many, on two recent developments: The proposal for a Digital Markets Act (DMA) in the European Union (EU) and the recommendations issued by the Digital Markets Taskforce (DMT recommendations) in the United Kingdom (UK). As a general overview, the proposal for a DMA seems to show that the European Commission (Commission) is trying…

AI and Data Worlds+2

Resource Pack: Force majeure and hardship in commercial contracts cross-border and comparative perspectives

RESOURCE PACK Force Majeure and Hardship in Commercial Contracts: Cross-border and Comparative Perspectives     Webinar Details On 8 April 2020 this webinar examined the legal consequences of a party's inability to perform a contract due to events outside their control, by comparing and contrasting a series of different juridictions including the US, France and the UK. An analysis was made of the issue of force majeure / and hardship…

Comparative Law+4

Sensible Tech Regulation in the UK

EVENTS Sensible Tech Regulation in the UK Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location     Event Details This webinar considers the regulatory tech landscape in the UK. Where are we coming from and where we are going to? The European Digital Services Act package is due out in December, but UK tech regulation…

AI and Data Worlds+1

Competition Enforcement after Brexit: Merger Enforcement

EVENTS Competition Enforcement after Brexit: Merger Enforcement Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Co hosted with  Event Details What has been regarded as one of the main risks that Brexit poses to antitrust enforcement is its potential for neglect. As the CMA has discretion to prioritise its antitrust…

Competition Law

Making a case for Digital Utilities

Oscar Wilde once said that 'as people are old enough to know better, they don't know anything at all'. Notions from the past may be viewed as outdated from the perspective of a new generation. Understandings evolve for different reasons, among others, fuelled by rapid technological changes and the fundamental importance of innovation in the case of the digital economy. This may be the case of the utilities sector traditionally understood as telecoms, gas, electricity, transportation, postal…

AI and Data Worlds+1

Breathing Space - Guidelines for the resolution of disputes in the 2020 pandemic

EVENTS Breathing Space - Guidelines for the resolution of disputes in the 2020 pandemic Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location     Event Details BIICL's "Breathing Space" series considers how the legal and business communities might respond to the COVID-19 pandemic in order to foster economic recovery.…

AI and Data Worlds+9

Sensible Tech Regulation in the EU

EVENTS Sensible Tech Regulation in the EU Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location    Event Details The discussion is no longer focusing on whether or not Europe should have regulation relating to the functioning of online markets, but rather what is it going to look like. The European Commission is grouping…

AI and Data Worlds+1

Cool Britannia: On the UK’s pragmatic approach to regulate Big Tech

(i) The UK and regulatory pragmatism Cool Britannia is not exactly in vogue nowadays. There may be, however, reasons to be optimistic about a potential cool approach taken by the British authorities on digital regulation. The traditional pragmatism perhaps intrinsically linked to the British common law legal system may reflect a different stance on markets requiring some form of State intervention in the form of regulation but at the same time a degree of flexibility. This could be the case…

AI and Data Worlds+1

Sensible Tech Regulation in the EU

This blog discusses the ongoing deliberations surrounding the EU Digital Services Act ('DSA') and Digital Markets Act ('DMA') and the implications for innovation following the initiatives from the European Commission (the 'Commission'). This goes to the core of the tensions we are trying to address in thinking about a regulatory system. These regulatory initiatives and impact on innovation were debated during two round table discussion hosted on 13 October and 5 November 2020 with speakers…

AI and Data Worlds+1

Competition Policy in a Changing Political Landscape

PARTNER EVENTs Competition Policy in a Changing Political Landscape Time for a reset? Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location    Event Details Competition policy and regulation has relatively clearly defined goals, including the enhancement of consumer welfare and the pursuit of market efficiency. In the…

Competition Law

Disrupting the disrupters – antitrust strikes back

ONLINE ROUNDTABLE Disrupting the disrupters - antitrust strikes back Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Event Details The digital economy has been a key focus for antitrust authorities and governments globally in recent years, but 2020 marks a step change where we are beginning to see thousands of pages of…

Competition Law

European Commission Digital Services Act

ONLINE European Commission Digital Services Act Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location     Event Details The European Commission has announced a Digital Services Act package to strengthen the Single Market for digital services and foster innovation and competitiveness of the European online environment.…

Competition Law

State Aid and Tax Rulings webinar

EVENTS State Aid and Tax Rulings webinar Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Event Details In 2016 the European Commission decided that 2 tax rulings of the Irish tax authorities endorsing the methods used by two Apple group companies (ASI and AOE) that were incorporated in Ireland to determine their chargeable…

Competition Law

CLF Meeting: Digital Online Platforms and Digital Advertising

WEBINAR CLF Meeting: Digital Online Platforms and Digital Advertising Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Co-organised With  Event Details The CMA's market study final report into online platforms funded by digital advertising is due to be published by 2nd July 2020. The CMA's interim report last December…

Competition Law

Virtual Justice in France, UK & US: Status & Challenges of Remote Hearings & Trials

WEBINAR Virtual Justice in France, UK & US: Status & Challenges of Remote Hearings & Trials Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Recording of the webinar Virtual Justice in France, UK & US: Status & Challenges of Remote Hearings & Trials Organised in partnership with: Event Details The…

AI and Data Worlds+6

Competition Act Exclusion Orders

WEBINAR Competition Act Exclusion Orders Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location     Event Details This webinar considers the recent Competition Act Exclusion Orders, as it has been recognised universally that cooperation is necessary in order to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. It is also recognised…

Competition Law

Force Majeure and Hardship in Commercial Contracts: Cross-border and Comparative Perspectives

WEBINAR Force Majeure and Hardship in Commercial Contracts: Cross-border and Comparative Perspectives Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location      Event Details The objective of this webinar is to examine the legal consequences of a party's inability to perform a contract due to events outside their…

Comparative Law+4

Bringing claims for mass data-breaches

EVENTS Bringing claims for mass data-breaches Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Sponsored by Event Details In light of increasingly high-profile cases concerning remedies for data breaches, this event will consider the different perspectives on accountability for mass data-breaches. Convened by the British…

Collective Redress+3

Is antitrust still fit for purpose in a digital age?

EVENTS Is antitrust still fit for purpose in a digital age? Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Sponsored by Event Details The digital space is top of mind for antitrust authorities globally and one central question is whether existing antitrust law and enforcement practice remains fit for purpose. The roundtable…

Competition Law

State Aid and Tax – Two ECJ landmark rulings

EVENTS State Aid and Tax - Two landmark rulings from the General Court Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location      Event Details On September 24 the General Court announced the decisions on the appeals brought by the Netherlands and Luxembourg governments regarding the Commission's decisions on Starbucks and Fiat. The…

Competition Law

Competition Law Forum

Competition Law Forum Overview The Competition Law Forum is a centre of excellence for European competition and antitrust policy and law at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law. It provides a forum in which the practical application of competition policy is considered by lawyers, economists, senior business managers, public servants, public affairs professionals, consumer bodies and other specialist practitioners.  The Forum identifies areas requiring…

Competition Law

CLF Lunch seminar on digital platforms and other pressing antitrust issues

Time: 12:00-13:30 (registration from 11:30) Venue: British Institute of International and Comparative Law, Charles Clore House, 17 Russell Square, London WC1B 5JP On the antitrust field, platform power continues to be in the spotlight. The Bundeskartellamt's decision against Facebook and the European Commission's interventions against Google brings some interesting views on how to deal with cases within the digital space. How will political change in Europe - if any - affect trans-Atlantic views…

Competition Law

European State Aid and Tax Rulings

European State Aid and Tax Rulings This book investigates whether the European Commission (EC) has the mandate to legislate on direct taxation in sovereign states and ultimately questions whether the EC's enforcement action in recent tax ruling cases, in the area of state aid, respects the rule of law. Publication - Download PDF Share Links Publication - Tags

Competition Law

Facebook’s Anticompetitive Lean in Strategies

Abstract Facebook is under fire on several fronts and with good reason. Regulators strive to make sense of and address a plethora of seemingly unrelated issues that arise from the operation of its platform. These range from antitrust, privacy violations, dissemination of harmful content and speech, deception and polarisation to political manipulation. This paper identifies Facebook's unrestricted and excessive data collection as a unifying theme that requires immediate antitrust action.…

Competition Law

16th Annual BIICL International Mergers and Antitrust Conference

Time: 14:00-18:10 (Registration 13:30) Followed by a drinks reception Venue: Institute of Directors, 116 Pall Mall, London, SW1Y 5ED The digital economy continues to deliver huge opportunities for business and consumers, but challenges for authorities charged with promoting competitive markets and protecting consumers. Our panel of experts will discuss the implications of recent influential reports for all stakeholders active on digital markets and companies looking to digitise their businesses.…

Competition Law

CLF lunchtime seminar: The importance of economic effects

Time: 12.30-14.00 (Registration and a sandwich lunch from 12 noon) Venue: British Institute of International and Comparative Law, Charles Clore House, 17 Russell Square, London WC1B 5JP Roger P. Alford and Jeffrey M. Wilder will be discussing the importance of economic effects in antitrust. Christian Ahlborn, Partner at Linklaters, will provide comments to their presentation. Speakers Roger P. Alford, Deputy Assistant Attorney General for the Antitrust Division, U.S. Department of Justice…

Competition Law

BCLP & BIICL Conference - Competition in Financial Services

Time: 15.00-18.00 (Registration from 14.30) Event followed by a drinks reception Venue: The Auditorium, Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner, Adelaide House, London Bridge, London EC4R 9HA This conference will see a diverse range of panellists from industry, private practice, economists and regulators, discuss the key competition issues affecting the financial services sector in 2019, including: Topic I - Antitrust enforcement against individuals Topic II - Retail markets - vulnerability and switching…

Competition Law

A talk with officials who helped write and negotiate the proposed new EU regulation on FDI

Time: 14.00-15.30 CET (Registration from 13.30) Venue: Fipra International, Rue de la Loi 227, 1040 Brussels The Competition Law Forum (CLF) launches the first of its Rapid Response seminars in Brussels with experts from the European Commission and Parliament, who worked on the trilogue that hammered out a pan-European framework for screening foreign direct investments into the EU. The final language of the Regulation establishing the EU screening framework, which now needs to be formally…

Competition Law

Administrative Reform of the Competition and Markets Authority following Brexit

Administrative Reform of the Competition and Markets Authority following BrexitIntroductionAmong the multi-dimensional changes Brexit will trigger, an administrative reform is inevitable. The scope of timing of this reform, justifies the prediction that the changes to the largest branch of the UK government will be wide-ranging and fast-paced. Despite that, the debate on administrative challenges in the UK post-Brexit has been largely neglected. Although the Department for Business, Energy…

Competition Law

UK Government Digital Competition Expert Panel Public responses to call for evidence from individuals

UK Government Digital Competition Expert Panel - Public responses to call for evidence from individuals Dr Liza Lovdahl Gormsen responding to the following questions 1. What are the emerging benefits and harms from digital markets such as social media, e-commerce, search, and online advertising tending towards only one or a small number of big firms? 2. What are the emerging benefits and harms of the same small number of digital firms becoming present across a broad range of digital markets?…

Competition Law

Stumbling Towards the UK’s New Administrative Settlement: A Study of Competition Law Enforcement After Brexit

Stumbling Towards the UK's New Administrative Settlement: A Study of Competition Law Enforcement After Brexit While there has been much talk of the role of parliaments and courts in the Brexit process, far less—indeed very little—has been said about the challenges facing the largest part of the UK government: the administrative branch. Whatever results from the UK's negotiations with the EU, Brexit will likely necessitate wide-ranging and fast-paced administrative reform in the UK.…

Competition Law

Submission to Brexit: competition and State aid

Brexit: competition and State aid A review by the UK government published February 2018 and incuding a submission by BIICL  Publication - Download PDF Share Links Publication - Tags

Brexit+1

Options to refine the UK competition regime

A response to the Department for Business, Energy, Innovation & Industrial Strategy's consultation on 'Options to refine the UK competition regime, 7 July 2017 Publication - Download PDF Share Links Publication - Tags

Competition Law

State Aid and Direct Taxation and the Big Eruption between the US and the EU’

State Aid and Direct Taxation and the Big Eruption Between the U.S. and the EU. Published by Liza Lovdahl Gormsen in The Antitrust Bulletin May 2017  This article critically assesses the division that the recent decisions of the European Commission in the field of State aid have exposed between the EU and the U.S. It examines how the two legal orders address the issue of government subsidies and explores the reasons for their different approach. It argues that State aid law has become…

Competition Law

Legitimate Expectation of Consistent Interpretation of EU State Aid Law

Legitimate Expectation of Consistent Interpretation of EU State Aid Law: Recovery in State Aid Cases Involving Advanced Pricing Agreements on Tax By  Liza Lovdahl Gormsen Clement Mifsud-Bonnici  Journal of European Competition Law and Practice Vol 8(7) 423-436 Publication - Download PDF Share Links Publication - Tags

Competition Law

Exception to the duty to refer in markets of insufficient importance

BIICL Competition law forum submission to the CMA public consultation ' Mergers: Exception to the duty to refer in markets of insufficient importance' February 2017 Publication - Download PDF Share Links Publication - Tags

Competition Law

EU State Aid Law and Transfer Pricing: A Critical Introduction to a New Saga

EU State Aid Law and Transfer Pricing: A Critical Introduction to a New SagaThe Court of Justice of the European Union ('CJEU') has made it clear from the early stages of its jurisprudence that State Aid rules are applicable to taxation measures. Thus, the fiscal nature of a measure does not in itself preclude the Commission's scrutiny under Article 107(1) TFEU et seq. A number of cases have contributed to the development of the concept of fiscal aid, and the Commission has tried to provide…

Competition Law

A Gap in the Enforcement of Article 82

Author: Ioannis Kokkoris Published: June 2009 ISBN-10: 978-1-905221-39-4 Cover: Paperback Pages: 134 The European Commission has acknowledged and respected, in Regulation 1/2003, the ability of the Member States to apply stricter rules than Article 82. There are some types of conduct that cannot be addressed by Article 82 because the undertakings involved are not dominant. One relates to conduct by non-dominant firms against other firms in weaker bargaining positions. A second type of conduct,…

Competition Law+1

Agriculture and the Polluter Pays Principle

Editor: Margaret Rosso Grossman Published: June 2009 ISBN-10: 978-1-905221-39-4 Cover: Paperback Pages: 134 The European Commission has acknowledged and respected, in Regulation 1/2003, the ability of the Member States to apply stricter rules than Article 82. There are some types of conduct that cannot be addressed by Article 82 because the undertakings involved are not dominant. One relates to conduct by non-dominant firms against other firms in weaker bargaining positions. A second type of…

Competition Law+1

Current Competition Law Vol. V

Editors: Philip Marsden, Michael Hutchings and Peter Whelan Published: April 2007 ISBN-10: 1-905221-06-1 ISBN-13: 978-1-905221-06-6 Cover: Paperback Pages: 713 This book is a collection of papers and speeches given at the following conferences of the British Institute's competition programme in 2005-2006: the annual Merger Control Conference (November 2005); a conference on the Reform of Article 82 (February 2006); the annual Competition Litigation Conference (February 2006); and the annual…

Competition Law

Current Competition Law Vol. IV

Editors: Philip Marsden and Michael Hutchings Published: December 2005 ISBN-10: 1-905221-00-2 Cover: Paperback Pages: 577 This book is a collection of papers and speeches given at our main competition law events during 2004-2005, in particular: the Institute's annual conference on merger control in December 2004; a conference we held on October 2004 on comparative issues in competition litigation; and our two-day trans-Atlantic Antitrust Dialogue in May 2005. Areas covered include in-depth…

Competition Law

Current Competition Law Vol. III

Editors: Mads Andenas, Michael Hutchings and Philip Marsden Published: January 2005 ISBN-10: 0-903067-93-5 Cover: Paperback Pages: 524 This book is a collection of papers and speeches given at our main competition law events during 2003-2004, in particular the Institute's annual conference on merger control in December 2003, and our two-day Trans-Atlantic Antitrust Dialogue in May 2004. Areas covered include in-depth analyses of such topical issues as cartels, pricing practices and mergers,…

Competition Law

Current Competition Law Vol. II

Editors: Mads Andenas, Michael Hutchings and Philip Marsden Published: April 2004 ISBN-10: 0-903067-63-3 Cover: Paperback Pages: 400 This book is a collection of papers and speeches given at a number of competition law conferences and events during 2003, focusing particularly on the Institute's major annual conference on international and comparative competition law: 'an excellent forum for exchanging views and fostering a transatlantic dialogue about current trends and issues in competition…

Competition Law
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