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Dr Liza Lovdahl Gormsen


Dr Liza Lovdahl Gormsen joined BIICL on 1 September 2014 as a Senior Research Fellow and the director of the Competition Law Forum. Her role at BIICL is to lead the Competition Law Forum, host events for its members and get the Forum involved in national and international competition policy debates and be engaged in competition law research. Liza is a Non-Governmental Advisor to the International Competition Network, appointed by the UK Competition and Markets Authority. She is a member of the International Competition Network's (ICN) Unilateral Conduct Working Group and the Agency Effectiveness Working Group. Liza sits on the advisory board of the Journal of Antitrust Enforcement (OUP) edited by Professor Bill Kovacic and Professor Ariel Ezrachi. 


Dr Liza Lovdahl Gormsen

Senior Research Fellow in Competition Law and Director, Competition Law Forum

+44 (0)20 7862 5164

Previously, Liza was a senior advisor to the Financial Conduct Authority (2020-2023). Liza taught Competition Law in an International Context at London School of Economics (2008-2011). Since 2011, she has been a Senior Lecturer at University of Manchester. Liza continues to maintain her PhD supervision responsibilities at University of Manchester. Besides her academic background, Liza has experience in private practice at both national and international level and served as a Lawyer at the Office of Fair Trading (2004-2008) where she gained extensive experience in consumer goods industries and pharmaceuticals.

Liza has undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in law from University of Copenhagen and an LLM in European Law from King's College London. In 2007, she obtained a PhD in Competition Law at King's College London supervised by Emeritus Professor Richard Whish QC and visiting Professor David Bailey (Brick Court Chambers). Her PhD focused on the topic of abuse of a dominant position in EU Competition Law with a specific emphasis on consumer welfare and economic freedom.

Liza is the author of A Principle Approach to Abuse of Dominance (Cambridge University Press, 2010) and State Aid and Tax Rulings (Edward Elgar, 2019). She has published widely in national and international peer-review journals such as Journal of European Competition Law and Practice, Antitrust Bulletin, Legal Issues of Economic Integration and World Competition. Liza frequently reviews book manuscripts for Harvard University Press, Hart Publishing, Oxford University Press and Cambridge University Press.

Liza regularly receives invitations to speak at national and international conferences concerning all aspects of competition law including data protection, platform accountability, big data and privacy. She is also involved in issues on Brexit and competition law. Some of her presentations have included addressing audiences at the House of Commons (2017), The Open Society Washington DC (2017), Antitrust Enforcement Symposium Oxford Center for Competition Law and Policy (2017), Which? London (2017), The White House Capitol Hill Washington DC (2016) and the European Commission (2016). In addition Liza has appeared before the House of Lords to give oral evidence in 2020, 2021 and 2022.

Liza was commissioned by the Department for Business, Energy, Innovation and Skills (BEIS) to compile a study on consumer empowerment across seven jurisdictions titled: 'Benchmarking the performance of the UK Framework supporting consumer empowerment through comparison against relevant international comparator countries.' Liza has been involved in a number of legal submissions to the European Commission and was involved in the European Commission's review of Article 82 EC (now Article 102 TFEU). She was instructed by the World Bank to assess newly adopted competition law regimes in developing countries.

Selected publications

'Perspectives on Digital Regulation' in Research Handbook in Law and Economics of Competition Enforcement (Edward Elgar, 2022)

'Algorithmic Antitrust and Consumer Choice' in Algorithmic Antitrust (Springer, 2022)

'Competition Law and the Digital Economy in the UK and Beyond' in The UK Competition Regime: A Twenty-Year Retrospective (Oxford University Press, 2021)

'Facebook's Exploitative and Exclusionary Abuses in the Two-Sided Market for Social Networks and Display Advertising' (August, 2021) Journal of Antitrust Enforcement

'Dealing with Data - Challenges to antitrust law in the digital economy' (2020) Competition Law Insight

'Algorithms & Competition Law' (2020) CPI Antitrust Chronicle

'Facebook's Anticompetitive Lean in Strategies' (2019) 

'Stumbling Towards the UK's New Administrative Settlement: a Case study of Competition Law and Enforcement after Brexit' (2018) Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal

'Should Antitrust Protect New Entrants?' (2017) N° 4-2017 Concurrences

'Competition Law and Democracy' (2017) Vol 16(7) Competition Law Insight 7

'Legitimate Expectation of Consistent Interpretation of EU State aid Law: Recovery in State aid cases involving advanced pricing agreements on tax' (2017) Journal of European Competition Law and Practice Vol 8(7) 423-436

'State Aid and Direct Taxation and the Big Eruption between the US and the EU' (2017) Antitrust Bulletin Vol 85

'Collective Dominance: An Overview of National Case Law' e-Competitions Bulletin (2016) Art. N° 72449

'EU State Aid Law and Transfer Pricing: A Critical Introduction to a New Saga' (2016) Journal of European Competition Law and Practice

'Collective Dominance: An Overview of National Case Law'e-Competitions Bulletin (2015) Art. N° 72449

'Competition Law and Pricing Mechanisms' 10(2) Competition Law Review (2015) 119-123

'Getting the Deal Through' Global Competition Review (2014) 122-168 (co-authored with Dr A Papadopoulos)

'Are Anti-Competitive Effects Necessary for an Analysis under Article 102 TFEU?' 36(2) World Competition Law and Economics Review (2013) 223-245

'Mergers & Acquisitions' in Gore-Browne on EU Company Law (Jordan, 48th edition, 2013)

'Abuse of Dominance - Exclusionary Pricing Abuses' in Handbook in European Competition Law: Enforcement and Procedures (Edward Elgar, 2013) (co-authored with Professor A Jones)

'Can Consumer Welfare Convincingly be Said to be an Objective of Article 102 when the Methodology Relies on an Inference of Effects' in Aims and Values in Competition Law (DJØF Publishing, 2013)

Review of L. Ortiz Blanco Market Power in EU Antitrust Law (Oxford Hart Publishing, 2013) 9(3) European Competition Journal (2013) 1

Review of P. Akman The Concept of Abuse in EU Competition Law: Law and Economics Approaches (Oxford Hart Publishing, 2012) 50(1) Common Market Law Review (2013) 301

'Guidance on Abuse in Europe: The Continued Concern for Rivalry and a Competitive Structure' (2010) 55(4) The Antitrust Bulletin 875-911 (co-authored with Dr P Marsden)

'Why the European Commission's Enforcement Priorities on Article 82 EC Should be Withdrawn' (2010) 31(2) The European Competition Law Review 45-55

'How well does the European Legal Test for Predation go with an Economic Approach to Article 102 TFEU?' (2010) 37(4) Legal Issues of Economic Integration 293-305

'A Judicial Panel for European Merger Cases: why the House of Lords was right' (2009) 5 Journal of Business Law 495-518

'The European Commission's Priority Guidelines on Article 82 EC' (2009) 14(3) Communication Law Journal 83-93

'UK and Danish Competition Institutions' in Antitrust Encyclopaedia (2nd edition, 2009)

Review of Barry J Rodger and Angus MacCulloch Competition Law and Policy in the EC and UK (Routledge, 2009) 46(6) Common Market Law Review (2009) 2127

'The Parallels between the Harvard Structural School and Article 82 EC and the Divergences between the Chicago and Post-Chicago Schools and Article 82 EC' (2008) 4(1) European Competition Journal 221-241

'Will there be Article 82 Guidelines and what are the Implications?' (April, 2008) Global Competition Policy

'The Conflict between Economic Freedom and Consumer Welfare in the Modernisation of Article 82 EC' (2007) 3(2) European Competition Journal 329-345

'The UK Competition Appeal Tribunal widens the scope for the Office of Fair Trading to close a case based on administrative priority: the Cityhook case' (EU Competition Laws e-Bulletin, 2007)

'The UK Competition Appeal Tribunal finds that it is not for the Tribunal to assess the reasonableness of the Office of Fair Trading's exercise of its discretion to decide whether or not to open an investigation: the Brannigan case' (EU Competition Laws e-Bulletin, 2007)

'Article 82 EC: Where are we coming from and where are we going to?' (2006) 2(2) Competition Law Review 5-25

'The UK Competition Appeal Tribunal relies on the refusal to supply doctrine to adopt a very wide interpretation of abuse: the Burgess case' (EU Competition Laws e-Bulletin, 2006)

'The UK Competition Appeal Tribunal confirms that indirect contact between competing retailers via a mutual supplier can amount to concerted practices and that recommended retail prices may lead to price-fixing: the Replica Kit case' (EU Competition Laws e-Bulletin, 2006)

'The UK Court of Appeal rules on discussions on vertical basis and restricts the CAT's test: the JJB Sports case' (EU Competition Laws e-Bulletin, 2006)

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