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Artificial Intelligence (AI), Trade, and the Rule of Law

Date: 12 July 2021

Time: 12 July 09.00 - 12.40 (UK time)

Venue: Online

APELIA conference 2021


The Asia-Pacific Europe Law Institutes Alliance (APELIA) conference 2021

We have been captivated by Alpha-Go, experiencing driverless cars, considered smart contracts, tempted by crypto currencies, relying on the use of AI robotics in production, distribution, and product delivery; most importantly we are witnessing, with relief, its targeted application in the development of new vaccines during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, AI is also challenging scientific, ethical, legal, and regulatory norms. Where are we now and where are we heading as regards AI technologies? Who is responsible for AI's applications? How do we eliminate AI bias? How do we deal with cross-border data flows? What legal status may be most beneficial for stakeholders? Although initiatives on AI are being suggested and promoted by national and international actors, there is still a long way to go to reach a consensus on AI under the combined effect of a technological revolution and international political and trade arm wrestling.

With contribution from scholars of prominent law institutes in Asia-Pacific and Europe, as well as policymakers, judges, AI scientists and entrepreneurs, this multidisciplinary conference will examine and debate those challenges against an international context.

Event convened by Dr Guan H Tang, Professor Spyros Maniatis, Qian Liu of the  British Institute of International and Comparative Law (BIICL)

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Conference Hosts

The Asia-Pacific Europe Law Institutes Alliance (APELIA)  was founded by 18 prestigious law schools and legal research institutions cross the Asia-Pacific and Europe in 2019. APELIA intends to "provide a platform for legal research and education, academic cooperation, international exchange of researchers and students, and dissemination of knowledge". It holds a conference for academic discussions as well as a meeting of representatives annually. As one of the founding members, BIICL is delighted to be hosting the second annual APELIA conference.


If you missed any of the sessions you can access recordings of each session here.

APELIA Partners

Opening Remarks

Professor Spyros Maniatis, Director of the British Institute of International and Comparative Law, United Kingdom

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Introductory key conversation


Lord Clement-Jones CBE, Chair of the House of Lords Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence (2017-18) and Co-Chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Artificial Intelligence, United Kingdom

  • Professor Maria Liakata, Turing AI Fellow and Professor in Natural Language Processing (NLP) at Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom
  • Professor Xiaoyan Song, Dean of School of Law, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics and Vice President of the International Economic Law Research Association of the China Law Society, China
  • Yeong Zee Kin, Assistant Chief Executive of the Infocomm Media Development Authority and Deputy Commissioner of the Personal Data Protection Commission, Singapore

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Panel A: Artificial Intelligence: Past, Present and Future


Professor Ian Walden, Director of Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom


  • Professor Weidong Ji, Founding Co-Director of APELIA, and Director of Shanghai Jiaotong University Centre for AI Governance and Law and President of China Institute for Socio-Legal Studies, China
  • Professor Wolf-Georg Ringe and Alessio Azzutti, University of Hamburg, Germany
  • Dr Tianxiang He, City University of Hong Kong, China
  • Dr Guan H. Tang, Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom

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Panel B: Artificial Intelligence and Global Cooperation


Professor Feng Lin, Associate Dean of the School of Law and Director of the Centre for Judicial Education and Research, City University of Hong Kong, China


  • Professor Jan Lieder, University of Freiburg, Germany
  • Professor Oreste Pollicino, Bocconi University, Italy and Dr Giovanni De Gregorio, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
  • Professor Huiqin Jiang, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, China and Professor Xiaochuan Weng, University of New South Wales, Australia

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Closing Remarks

Professor Yuwen Li, Founding Co-Director of APELIA, and Director of Erasmus University Rotterdam China Law Centre, Netherlands

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CPD Information

This event offers the equivalent of 3.5 CPD hours.


If you have any queries, please contact the Events team

Event Recording

Please note that our events may be photographed or recorded. These materials will be used for internal and external promotional purposes only by the British Institute of International and Comparative Law. If you object to appearing in recordings or photographs, please contact The Event Team to let us know ahead of the event.

Event Cancellation Policy

When you register for an event you will be asked to confirm that you have read and understood our cancellation policy.

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