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Determinants of Anti-Trafficking Efforts

Dr Jean-Pierre Gauci, Dr Noemi Magugliani

The 'Determinants of Anti-Trafficking Efforts' Project assesses the links and sequencing of specific factors that have yielded improved political will and capacity in national governments to address trafficking in persons and which have led to sustained and comprehensive anti-trafficking efforts. It sought to do so through a review of available literature, a quantitative analysis of existing data sets, a series of over 50 interviews with stakeholders at the international and regional level, a global survey with some 200 responses, and 14 case studies.

A detailed analysis of the findings is included in our final report, which is published alongside additional documents, including a working paper on the concept of political will, a literature review and 14 country reports undertaken by national research consultants. The determinants considered include: political will; acknowledgment and framing of trafficking; data and research; culture, victimhood and discrimination; religion and morality; levels of migration; governance, politics and corruption; partnerships; international law; external monitoring, State reputation and (threat of) sanctions; case law; the role of civil society organisations including survivors' groups; external conditions and external funding; training and level of expertise; events and crises as well as the COVID-19 pandemic.

Read the study here:

Country Reports: 
Algeria | Argentina | Armenia | Bahamas | Bahrain | Brazil | Chile | Cyprus | Georgia | Guyana | 
Mozambique | Philippines | Thailand | United Kingdom 

Additional Documents:

Additional Resources: 

If you would like to discuss the research tools used, the findings of the project and/or their applications for your organisation, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Many thanks to all the colleagues involved in the project especially Victoria Wyndham (Project Manager) and Iris Anastasiadou (Research Assistant). This project would not have been possible without the generous support of the United States Government J/TIP Office within the Department of State and the team at the J/TIP Office, whose enthusiasm and confidence provided a key impetus to us as we developed this project. We are also eternally grateful to the expert panel members who contributed their time, expertise, and insights to make the project successful, the participants of our expert interviews, the respondents to our survey, the national research consultants that worked with us on the country research and the team at and around BIICL who made this project possible. 

Gift of the United States Government

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