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Liza Lovdahl Gormsen

Biography Dr Liza Lovdahl Gormsen joined BIICL on 1 September 2014 as a Senior Research Fellow and the director of the Competition Law Forum. Her role at BIICL is to lead the Competition Law Forum, host events for its members and get the Forum involved in national and international competition policy debates and be engaged in competition law research. Liza is a Non-Governmental Advisor to the International Competition Network, appointed by the UK Competition and Markets Authority. She is a…

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Tomas Llanos

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Ioannis Kokkoris

Professor Ioannis Kokkoris is Senior Research Fellow and Co Director of the Competition Law Forum. Professor Kokkoris holds a Chair in Competition Law and Economics at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary University of London, UK. He is also the Dean for International for the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. Professor Kokkoris is an expert on competition law and economics. His main research interests span all areas of competition law and policy including comparative…

Competition

FDI and National Security

WEBINAR FDI and National Security Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Co-organised with    Event Details M&A transactions in strategic industries are subject to competition law scrutiny by competent authorities as well as to non-competition law scrutiny based on public interest considerations and…

Competition

VBER Modernisation

WEBINAR VBER Modernisation Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Event Details Since the adoption of the current VBER and Vertical Guidelines, there have been a number of market developments, notably the growth of online sales and of new market players such as online platforms. The purpose of the current Commission's…

Competition

The Representative Actions Directive – a class action for Europe?

EVENTS The Representative Actions Directive - a class action for Europe? Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location    Event Details This webinar will examine the recently-adopted EU Representative Actions Directive and consider its impact on cross-border and domestic collective redress actions across Europe.…

Collective Redress+5

Competition Enforcement after Brexit: Agreements, Unilateral Conduct and State Aid

EVENTS Competition Enforcement after Brexit: Agreements, Unilateral Conduct and State Aid Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location      Event Details There are major transitional issues around Brexit, especially concerning cases that will be under investigation when the UK leaves the EU and situations…

Brexit+1

Views across the channel on digital regulation

As the slogan 'get Brexit done' became somehow a -forced- reality on January 1st, it is tempting and timely to comment on three themes, having chosen three out of many, on two recent developments: The proposal for a Digital Markets Act (DMA) in the European Union (EU) and the recommendations issued by the Digital Markets Taskforce (DMT recommendations) in the United Kingdom (UK). As a general overview, the proposal for a DMA seems to show that the European Commission (Commission) is trying…

AI and Data Worlds+2

Resource Pack: Force majeure and hardship in commercial contracts cross-border and comparative perspectives

RESOURCE PACK Force Majeure and Hardship in Commercial Contracts: Cross-border and Comparative Perspectives     Webinar Details On 8 April 2020 this webinar examined the legal consequences of a party's inability to perform a contract due to events outside their control, by comparing and contrasting a series of different juridictions including the US, France and the UK. An analysis was made of the issue of force majeure / and hardship…

Comparative Law+4

Class action certification: The implications of the Supreme Court’s Merricks Judgment

EVENTS POSTPONED: Class action certification: The implications of the Supreme Court's Merricks Judgment Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Co-organised with:  Event Details The panel will focus the recent developments in relation to class actions in the UK, discuss recent high profile litigations and take…

Competition

Sensible Tech Regulation in the UK

EVENTS Sensible Tech Regulation in the UK Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location     Event Details This webinar considers the regulatory tech landscape in the UK. Where are we coming from and where we are going to? The European Digital Services Act package is due out in December, but UK tech regulation…

AI and Data Worlds+1

Competition Enforcement after Brexit: Merger Enforcement

EVENTS Competition Enforcement after Brexit: Merger Enforcement Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Co hosted with  Event Details What has been regarded as one of the main risks that Brexit poses to antitrust enforcement is its potential for neglect. As the CMA has discretion to prioritise its antitrust…

Competition

Making a case for Digital Utilities

Oscar Wilde once said that 'as people are old enough to know better, they don't know anything at all'. Notions from the past may be viewed as outdated from the perspective of a new generation. Understandings evolve for different reasons, among others, fuelled by rapid technological changes and the fundamental importance of innovation in the case of the digital economy. This may be the case of the utilities sector traditionally understood as telecoms, gas, electricity, transportation, postal…

AI and Data Worlds+1

Breathing Space - Guidelines for the resolution of disputes in the 2020 pandemic

EVENTS Breathing Space - Guidelines for the resolution of disputes in the 2020 pandemic Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location     Event Details BIICL's "Breathing Space" series considers how the legal and business communities might respond to the COVID-19 pandemic in order to foster economic recovery.…

AI and Data Worlds+10

Sensible Tech Regulation in the EU

EVENTS Sensible Tech Regulation in the EU Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location    Event Details The discussion is no longer focusing on whether or not Europe should have regulation relating to the functioning of online markets, but rather what is it going to look like. The European Commission is grouping…

AI and Data Worlds+1

Cool Britannia: On the UK’s pragmatic approach to regulate Big Tech

(i) The UK and regulatory pragmatism Cool Britannia is not exactly in vogue nowadays. There may be, however, reasons to be optimistic about a potential cool approach taken by the British authorities on digital regulation. The traditional pragmatism perhaps intrinsically linked to the British common law legal system may reflect a different stance on markets requiring some form of State intervention in the form of regulation but at the same time a degree of flexibility. This could be the case…

AI and Data Worlds+1

Sensible Tech Regulation in the EU

This blog discusses the ongoing deliberations surrounding the EU Digital Services Act ('DSA') and Digital Markets Act ('DMA') and the implications for innovation following the initiatives from the European Commission (the 'Commission'). This goes to the core of the tensions we are trying to address in thinking about a regulatory system. These regulatory initiatives and impact on innovation were debated during two round table discussion hosted on 13 October and 5 November 2020 with speakers…

AI and Data Worlds+1

Competition Policy in a Changing Political Landscape

PARTNER EVENTs Competition Policy in a Changing Political Landscape Time for a reset? Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location    Event Details Competition policy and regulation has relatively clearly defined goals, including the enhancement of consumer welfare and the pursuit of market efficiency. In the…

Competition

Disrupting the disrupters – antitrust strikes back

ONLINE ROUNDTABLE Disrupting the disrupters - antitrust strikes back Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Event Details The digital economy has been a key focus for antitrust authorities and governments globally in recent years, but 2020 marks a step change where we are beginning to see thousands of pages of…

Competition

European Commission Digital Services Act

ONLINE European Commission Digital Services Act Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location     Event Details The European Commission has announced a Digital Services Act package to strengthen the Single Market for digital services and foster innovation and competitiveness of the European online environment.…

Competition

State Aid and Tax Rulings webinar

EVENTS State Aid and Tax Rulings webinar Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Event Details In 2016 the European Commission decided that 2 tax rulings of the Irish tax authorities endorsing the methods used by two Apple group companies (ASI and AOE) that were incorporated in Ireland to determine their chargeable…

Competition

CLF Meeting: Digital Online Platforms and Digital Advertising

WEBINAR CLF Meeting: Digital Online Platforms and Digital Advertising Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Co-organised With  Event Details The CMA's market study final report into online platforms funded by digital advertising is due to be published by 2nd July 2020. The CMA's interim report last December…

Competition

Virtual Justice in France, UK & US: Status & Challenges of Remote Hearings & Trials

WEBINAR Virtual Justice in France, UK & US: Status & Challenges of Remote Hearings & Trials Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Recording of the webinar Virtual Justice in France, UK & US: Status & Challenges of Remote Hearings & Trials Organised in partnership with: Event Details The…

AI and Data Worlds+6

Competition Act Exclusion Orders

WEBINAR Competition Act Exclusion Orders Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location     Event Details This webinar considers the recent Competition Act Exclusion Orders, as it has been recognised universally that cooperation is necessary in order to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. It is also recognised…

Competition

Force Majeure and Hardship in Commercial Contracts: Cross-border and Comparative Perspectives

WEBINAR Force Majeure and Hardship in Commercial Contracts: Cross-border and Comparative Perspectives Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location      Event Details The objective of this webinar is to examine the legal consequences of a party's inability to perform a contract due to events outside their…

Comparative Law+4

Bringing claims for mass data-breaches

EVENTS Bringing claims for mass data-breaches Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Sponsored by Event Details In light of increasingly high-profile cases concerning remedies for data breaches, this event will consider the different perspectives on accountability for mass data-breaches. Convened by the British…

Collective Redress+3

Is antitrust still fit for purpose in a digital age?

EVENTS Is antitrust still fit for purpose in a digital age? Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location Sponsored by Event Details The digital space is top of mind for antitrust authorities globally and one central question is whether existing antitrust law and enforcement practice remains fit for purpose. The roundtable…

Competition

State Aid and Tax – Two ECJ landmark rulings

EVENTS State Aid and Tax - Two landmark rulings from the General Court Event - Tags Share Links Event - Timings and Location      Event Details On September 24 the General Court announced the decisions on the appeals brought by the Netherlands and Luxembourg governments regarding the Commission's decisions on Starbucks and Fiat. The…

Competition

Competition Law Forum

Competition Law Forum Overview The Competition Law Forum is a centre of excellence for European competition and antitrust policy and law at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law. It provides a forum in which the practical application of competition policy is considered by lawyers, economists, senior business managers, public servants, public affairs professionals, consumer bodies and other specialist practitioners.  The Forum identifies areas requiring…

Competition

CLF Lunch seminar on digital platforms and other pressing antitrust issues

Time: 12:00-13:30 (registration from 11:30) Venue: British Institute of International and Comparative Law, Charles Clore House, 17 Russell Square, London WC1B 5JP On the antitrust field, platform power continues to be in the spotlight. The Bundeskartellamt's decision against Facebook and the European Commission's interventions against Google brings some interesting views on how to deal with cases within the digital space. How will political change in Europe - if any - affect trans-Atlantic views…

Competition

European State Aid and Tax Rulings

European State Aid and Tax Rulings This book investigates whether the European Commission (EC) has the mandate to legislate on direct taxation in sovereign states and ultimately questions whether the EC's enforcement action in recent tax ruling cases, in the area of state aid, respects the rule of law. Publication - Download PDF Share Links Publication - Tags

Competition

Facebook’s Anticompetitive Lean in Strategies

Abstract Facebook is under fire on several fronts and with good reason. Regulators strive to make sense of and address a plethora of seemingly unrelated issues that arise from the operation of its platform. These range from antitrust, privacy violations, dissemination of harmful content and speech, deception and polarisation to political manipulation. This paper identifies Facebook's unrestricted and excessive data collection as a unifying theme that requires immediate antitrust action.…

Competition

16th Annual BIICL International Mergers and Antitrust Conference

Time: 14:00-18:10 (Registration 13:30) Followed by a drinks reception Venue: Institute of Directors, 116 Pall Mall, London, SW1Y 5ED The digital economy continues to deliver huge opportunities for business and consumers, but challenges for authorities charged with promoting competitive markets and protecting consumers. Our panel of experts will discuss the implications of recent influential reports for all stakeholders active on digital markets and companies looking to digitise their businesses.…

Competition

CLF lunchtime seminar: The importance of economic effects

Time: 12.30-14.00 (Registration and a sandwich lunch from 12 noon) Venue: British Institute of International and Comparative Law, Charles Clore House, 17 Russell Square, London WC1B 5JP Roger P. Alford and Jeffrey M. Wilder will be discussing the importance of economic effects in antitrust. Christian Ahlborn, Partner at Linklaters, will provide comments to their presentation. Speakers Roger P. Alford, Deputy Assistant Attorney General for the Antitrust Division, U.S. Department of Justice…

Competition

BCLP & BIICL Conference - Competition in Financial Services

Time: 15.00-18.00 (Registration from 14.30) Event followed by a drinks reception Venue: The Auditorium, Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner, Adelaide House, London Bridge, London EC4R 9HA This conference will see a diverse range of panellists from industry, private practice, economists and regulators, discuss the key competition issues affecting the financial services sector in 2019, including: Topic I - Antitrust enforcement against individuals Topic II - Retail markets - vulnerability and switching…

Competition

A talk with officials who helped write and negotiate the proposed new EU regulation on FDI

Time: 14.00-15.30 CET (Registration from 13.30) Venue: Fipra International, Rue de la Loi 227, 1040 Brussels The Competition Law Forum (CLF) launches the first of its Rapid Response seminars in Brussels with experts from the European Commission and Parliament, who worked on the trilogue that hammered out a pan-European framework for screening foreign direct investments into the EU. The final language of the Regulation establishing the EU screening framework, which now needs to be formally…

Competition

Administrative Reform of the Competition and Markets Authority following Brexit

Administrative Reform of the Competition and Markets Authority following BrexitIntroductionAmong the multi-dimensional changes Brexit will trigger, an administrative reform is inevitable. The scope of timing of this reform, justifies the prediction that the changes to the largest branch of the UK government will be wide-ranging and fast-paced. Despite that, the debate on administrative challenges in the UK post-Brexit has been largely neglected. Although the Department for Business, Energy…

Competition

UK Government Digital Competition Expert Panel Public responses to call for evidence from individuals

UK Government Digital Competition Expert Panel - Public responses to call for evidence from individuals Dr Liza Lovdahl Gormsen responding to the following questions 1. What are the emerging benefits and harms from digital markets such as social media, e-commerce, search, and online advertising tending towards only one or a small number of big firms? 2. What are the emerging benefits and harms of the same small number of digital firms becoming present across a broad range of digital markets?…

Competition

Stumbling Towards the UK’s New Administrative Settlement: A Study of Competition Law Enforcement After Brexit

Stumbling Towards the UK's New Administrative Settlement: A Study of Competition Law Enforcement After Brexit While there has been much talk of the role of parliaments and courts in the Brexit process, far less—indeed very little—has been said about the challenges facing the largest part of the UK government: the administrative branch. Whatever results from the UK's negotiations with the EU, Brexit will likely necessitate wide-ranging and fast-paced administrative reform in the UK.…

Competition

Submission to Brexit: competition and State aid

Brexit: competition and State aid A review by the UK government published February 2018 and incuding a submission by BIICL  Publication - Download PDF Share Links Publication - Tags

Brexit+1

Options to refine the UK competition regime

A response to the Department for Business, Energy, Innovation & Industrial Strategy's consultation on 'Options to refine the UK competition regime, 7 July 2017 Publication - Download PDF Share Links Publication - Tags

Competition

State Aid and Direct Taxation and the Big Eruption between the US and the EU’

State Aid and Direct Taxation and the Big Eruption Between the U.S. and the EU. Published by Liza Lovdahl Gormsen in The Antitrust Bulletin May 2017  This article critically assesses the division that the recent decisions of the European Commission in the field of State aid have exposed between the EU and the U.S. It examines how the two legal orders address the issue of government subsidies and explores the reasons for their different approach. It argues that State aid law has become…

Competition

Legitimate Expectation of Consistent Interpretation of EU State Aid Law

Legitimate Expectation of Consistent Interpretation of EU State Aid Law: Recovery in State Aid Cases Involving Advanced Pricing Agreements on Tax By  Liza Lovdahl Gormsen Clement Mifsud-Bonnici  Journal of European Competition Law and Practice Vol 8(7) 423-436 Publication - Download PDF Share Links Publication - Tags

Competition

Exception to the duty to refer in markets of insufficient importance

BIICL Competition law forum submission to the CMA public consultation ' Mergers: Exception to the duty to refer in markets of insufficient importance' February 2017 Publication - Download PDF Share Links Publication - Tags

Competition

EU State Aid Law and Transfer Pricing: A Critical Introduction to a New Saga

EU State Aid Law and Transfer Pricing: A Critical Introduction to a New SagaThe Court of Justice of the European Union ('CJEU') has made it clear from the early stages of its jurisprudence that State Aid rules are applicable to taxation measures. Thus, the fiscal nature of a measure does not in itself preclude the Commission's scrutiny under Article 107(1) TFEU et seq. A number of cases have contributed to the development of the concept of fiscal aid, and the Commission has tried to provide…

Competition
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