Culture under fire: armed non-state actors and cultural heritage in wartime
This report presents the findings of a pioneering, twoyear study conducted by Geneva Call on cultural heritage and armed non-State actors (ANSAs). It represents the most comprehensive research available on this topic to date. The report centres around three case studies—Iraq, Mali and Syria—and is based on information obtained through desk and field research, as well as interviews with leading specialized organizations. The study also incorporates the perspectives of ten selected ANSAs operating in these three countries.
The study calls for increased engagement with armed groups that demonstrate an interest in heritage protection and the applicable international rules.