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The Legal Impact of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change

Papers are now available for the seminar on "The Legal Impact of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change" held at BIICL on 27 January 2016. This seminar examined the Paris Agreement adopted in December 2015, debating whether it embodies real agreement or is diplomatic wallpaper to cover the cracks; how binding and enforceable it is; and its potential for increasing the role of international arbitration and domestic litigation in climate-related disputes.

The panel of experts, who played key roles in the Paris negotiations, have kindly made their speaking notes available. Jacob Werksman, European Commission, has provided his full text; while Caroline Ross, Department of Energy & Climate Change, Kate Cook, Matrix Chambers, and Farhana Yamin, Adviser, Marshall Islands and Founder & CEO, Track 0, have provided their powerpoint presentations.

Lord Carnwath, Justice of the Supreme Court, said: 'I was privileged to chair this seminar which was both timely and brought together speakers with great expertise in the subject and direct personal experience of the intense activity in Paris. I am delighted that their papers are now available for general use. They will provide a valuable point of reference for future discussion."

The papers are here

The seminar was convened by Jill Barrett as part of the Arthur Watts Public International Law Seminar Series sponsored by Volterra Fietta.



Jill Barrett, Arthur Watts Senior Research Fellow in Public International Law:

T: (0)20 7862 5159 /


  1. The British Institute of International and Comparative Law (BIICL) provides informed, independent and practical legal ideas for a global community. Its high quality and respected work involves analysis and debate about contemporary issues on every continent, from its base in the heart of London's energetic and multicultural legal network. BIICL is one of the very few independent legal bodies of its type in the world. (Registered Charity No. 209425. Company Registration 615025). For more information visit
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